Cataract surgery also referred to as lens-replacement surgery, is a common procedure performed to replace the natural lens of your eye. The need for cataract surgery arises due to the opacification of your eye lens. The common symptoms linked to this condition include cloudy, foggy, or unclear vision, sensitivity towards light, inability to adjust vision at night, fading of colours, etc. You can learn more here about this disease and its potential treatments.
Cataract surgery has advanced substantially in the last few years due to progress in technology and medicine. However, in some instances, then it may lead to specific symptoms or problems. These problems may subside, or you may need to call the doctor. To understand this, here are the critical aspects and effects of cataract surgery.
Meaning of a Cataract
A cataract is the progressive clouding of your eye lens, leading to the loss of its transparent nature. Cataract formation occurs naturally and if left untreated, may result in blindness. The medical condition is attributed to aging but, under rare circumstances, affects the younger generation. Although cataract is painless and incurable, it may improve with sufficient medical treatment in the initial stages.
Cataract surgery and Its Types
Doctors prescribe cataract surgery only when it affects your day-to-day activities. If you face extreme vision problems while driving or reading a book, your doctor shall most likely prescribe surgery to fix your vision. However, in case of a cataract in both your eyes, you will have to wait for the first eye to heal before getting your other eye operated on.
Doctors perform cataract surgery using one of the two ways- phacoemulsification or extracapsular. In phacoemulsification, the doctor makes a small incision because the lens is relatively less cloudy. The doctor may opt for the extracapsular path by making a larger incision in your eye in case of extreme cloudiness. Due to advancements in technology, doctors usually perform laser-assisted surgery than using a scalpel due to the laser’s accuracy and precision.
After the cataract surgery, your vision shall gradually start improving within a few days. However, you experience slight blurriness while your eye continues to heal. A cataract is usually yellow or brown in colour, fading or yellowing the colours around you. However, after surgery, the colours may appear brighter. You may also experience mild itching or discomfort. However, it’s important to cover your eye with an eye-patch or shield to help it heal post-surgery.
You must contact your doctor immediately in case you experience symptoms like vision loss, persisting pain despite consuming pain medications, increasing redness in eyes, swelling of the eyelid, or light-flashes in front of your eyes. You may also approach a doctor if you see multiple newly-developed spots in front of your eye.
A cataract is a common eye condition experienced by people worldwide, especially due to old-age or any injury. While cases are not more here, you may still approach the doctor in case of any cataract-related symptoms. It is always better to enquire in the early stages and receive appropriate treatment rather than waiting for the symptoms to worsen.