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According to the findings, the prevalence of youth-onset type 1 and type 2 diabetes is on the rise


Wake Forest University School of Medicine researchers recently discovered that Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes in children and young adults is rising. Non-Hispanic Black and Hispanic children and young adults were also more likely to have diabetes.


The findings contain the final report of the SEARCH for Diabetes in Youth study, the most significant diabetes surveillance effort in the United States. The CDCP and the National Institutes of Health funded the study, which began in 2000 and was coordinated by Wake Forest University School of Medicine.

Certain racial and ethnic groups also had higher increase rates than non-Hispanic white children. Asian or Pacific Islander, Hispanic, and non-Hispanic Black children and adolescents experienced the most significant annual percentage increases in Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes.

The average age at diagnosis for Type 1 diabetes was ten years; for Type 2 diabetes, it was sixteen years. The researchers also noted that Type 1 diabetes is more common in the winter, with a peak in January. Changes in daylight hours, lower vitamin D levels, and increased viral infections are all possible explanations for this seasonality.

Final Note

August was the most common month for the onset of Type 2 diabetes. According to researchers, it is attributed to increased physical sports and routine health screenings starting in the academic year.

“These findings will help guide targeted prevention efforts,” Wagenknecht said. “Now we have a better understanding of the risk factors. We will look at the underlying pathophysiology of diabetes in youth.”

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