A shigella bacteria strain that appears to be resistant to antibiotics is spreading, according to a warning from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) released on Friday.
According to the CDC, approximately 5% of shigellosis infections will be drug-resistant, or XDR, by 2022, up from zero reported instances of resistant infections in 2015. According to the CDC, shigellosis typically causes inflammatory diarrhea. It could be bloody and can also exhibit fever and abdominal cramping.
According to Janet Hill, Chief Operating Officer at the Rock Island County Health Department, the illness lasts five to seven days. The CDC is raising the alarm because more cases are nationwide, and a lab test must confirm it. It is also a disease that must be reported nationally. According to the CDC, the bacteria are spread through sexual activity, fecal-to-oral contact, and person-to-person contact.
The CDC advised healthcare professionals to consult with specialists to “determine the best treatment plan,” even though most patients with diarrheal illness only required “supportive care and fluid replacement.”
Authorities reportedly warned of an outbreak that would affect hundreds of people leaving Cabo Verde resorts and traveling back to the U.S. and Europe. Many cases were recently reported across the entire nation of the U.K.
Health officials in Colorado acknowledged earlier this month that they had been keeping an eye on Shigella cases, according to Nexstar’s KSRM. The CDC has not yet disclosed the location of additional confirmed cases in the U.S.
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